The Historical Fort of Ticonderoga
The historical Fort Ticonderoga, formerly known as Fort Carillon, is a big star shaped fort erected by the French Army close to the south bank of Lake Champlain, more specifically in the north part of the US state of New York, in the 18th century.
The name Ticonderoga comes from a Native American word, namely, from the Mohawk tribe and it means, roughly, “the place at the junction of two waterways”: tekontaró:ken. The fort was designed and built by Michel Chartier de Lotbinière, Marquis de Lotbinière, a French military engineer. It took about two years to be ready for military operations and maneuvers.
This fort served as a key fortification in the Seven Years’ War, or also known in the US as the French and Indian War. As mentioned before, the fort was of key importance, particularly in the 18th century, when conflicts arose between the then strongest countries in the whole world, namely Britain and La France, mainly due to colonial disputes. Also, later on, the fort was of chief importance during the American Revolutionary War.
The point where the fort was strategically placed enabled the troops who were in control of it to monitor and guard a waterway port that ran along the rapid waters of the La Chute River in the area that stretched from Lake Champlain and all the way to Lake George, where the rivers met. Fort Ticonderoga served in trade conflicts that arose from the dispute over commerce routes between the British Empire, who had full access and control over the Hudson River Valley, and the officials that represented the French colonial settlements in North America, like Quebec and surrounding areas; they exerted control over the Saint Lawrence River Valley.
The British Army decided to give up the fortress, following the Saratoga campaign, which was somewhat futile. After the year 1781, the fort no longer had any real strategic value and so, it started to slowly deteriorate, since it virtually became an abandoned building.