The Siege of Fort Ticonderoga

The Siege of Fort TiconderogaIt was in the year 1777 when a new siege of Fort Ticonderoga would take place once again. This time it was between the 2nd and 6th of July, which was of course a very significant date for the United States, whose citizens and armies formed by untrained men were still fighting to acquire autonomy and total independence from Great Britain. It was at the south band of Lake Champlain, in New York that Lieutenant General John Burgoyne, together with an army of eight thousand men took to the hills and invaded Fort Ticonderoga and proclaimed a siege.

General Arthur St. Clair and his much smaller garrison, with under three thousand men, saw inevitable that they would need to surrender and decided to withdraw their troops from Fort Ticonderoga and the rest of the defences nearby. These actions led to the immediate retreat and surrender of the Continental Army.

There was a lot of gunfire and attack and response from both fronts, which resulted in a few casualties. However, there was no unnecessary spill of blood and it turned out to be quite a pacific siege with virtually no actual battle. Lieutenant General John Burgoyne immediately overtook not only Fort Ticonderoga but Mount Independence as well, together with the many fortifications on the other side of the lake, the one nearest Vermont.

By July the 6th, the whole process was completed. A few platoons, however, were sent to follow the retreating Continental troops. The quick surrender of Fort Ticonderoga caused much outrage among the public and the military alike, given that Ticonderoga was thought to be impenetrable.

Early in the 20th century, the private owners of Fort Ticonderoga had it restored. These days, a foundation is in charge of caring for the fort and promoting it as a tourist attraction, research center and museum.